Quadrivalent vaccine-targeted human papillomavirus genotypes in heterosexual men after the Australian female human papillomavirus vaccination programme: a retrospective observational study.
Chow EPF, Machalek DA, Tabrizi SN, Danielewski JA, Fehler G, Bradshaw CS, Garland SM, Chen MY, Fairley CK
Lancet Infectious Diseases 2017; 17(1): 68–77 doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30116-5
Australia introduced a national human papillomavirus vaccination (HPV) programme for young women in April, 2007. This study reports the HPV yearly trends among young, sexually active, predominantly unvaccinated heterosexual men with chlamydia infection during an 11-year period. A dramatic fall was seen in the 4 HPV genotypes included in the vaccine in Australian-born men after the introduction of a national female vaccination programme. This fall in the 4 HPV genotypes fits in with reductions in genital warts in men reported in previous studies. These findings provide the first evidence that the female vaccine provides indirect protection (herd protection) to their male partners from the HPV genotypes included in the vaccine.
HIV testing self-efficacy is associated with higher HIV testing frequency and perceived likelihood to self-test among gay and bisexual
Jamil M, Bavinton B, Fairley CK, Grulich AE, Holt M, Smith K, Chen MY, McNaulty A, Conway D, Keen P, Bradley J, Russell D, Kaldor J
Sexual Health 2017; 14: 164-169 doi: 10.1071/SH16100
This study looked at whether there has been a change in HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM) over the past 20 years at the South Australia Specialist Sexual Health (SASSH) clinic. Medical records of MSM who attended the SASSH at their first visit between 1994 and 2015 were used. The number of MSM who reported as ever having a test for HIV went down. The proportion of MSM who returned to the clinic for HIV testing within 12 months did not change, with less than 40% returning for HIV tests. The number who had an HIV test on the day they attended the clinic increased to approximately 90%. Regular and frequent HIV testing is essential for HIV prevention and care. New approaches are needed to encourage the uptake of HIV testing to find early HIV infection.