Testicular Self Examination (TSE)


Testicular Self Examination (TSE) is the simple technique of checking your testicles for abnormal lumps. It is important to do TSE because finding a testicular lump early leads to earlier diagnosis and treatment of testicular cancer.

Testicular cancer, although rare, is the most common type of cancer found in men between 15 and 34 years of age Testicular Self Examination is easy to do and only takes a minute every month


The best time to perform TSE is during a warm shower or bath. When the scrotum is warm the skin is relaxed and it is easier to feel the texture underneath. .

Examine each testicle separately with both hands. Roll the testicle gently between the thumb and fingers, this is not usually uncomfortable. . It is common for one testicle to be higher or slightly larger than the other.


Using your thumb and fingers find the epididymis, the soft tubular structure behind the testicle that collects and carries sperm. Cancerous lumps may be found on the sides of the testicle but can also occur on the front. Lumps on the epididymis are not usually anything to be worried about.

If you find a lump on your testicle see a doctor as soon as possible. Most lumps found in this way are not serious, but it is important to make sure. If there is any uncertainty the doctor may suggest further investigation such as an ultrasound scan.



The TCRC Self Examination Page      www.tcrc.acor.org/tcexam.html

How to Perform a Testicular Self-Examination     www.kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/guys/tse.html

Testicular Self Examination pamphlet produced by Family Planning Victoria

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Testicular Self Examination. It is not intended to replace the need for a consultation with your doctor. All clients are strongly advised to check with their doctor about any specific questions or concerns they may have. Every effort has been taken to ensure that the information in this pamphlet is correct at the time of printing.

Last Updated October 2017